New Energy Grid Structures for The Energy Transition


Project duration: 8/2023 – 7/2026

Funded by: German Federal Ministry of Education and Research

Grant no.: 03SFK1C-03

Project partner: Kopernikus

The Kopernikus projects are one of the largest German research initiatives on the subject of the energy transition. They aim to enable a climate-neutral Germany by 2045. There are four Kopernikus projects in total. The Kupernikus project "ENSURE" is dedicated to ensuring a reliable energy supply from renewable sources, particularly with regard to the electrification of heat and transport. In phase 3 of the project, the focus is on the practical implementation and demonstration of the technologies developed, including digitalisation and automation, in order to avoid bottlenecks for grid operators. The challenges of energy supply in the context of Germany's climate neutrality targets by 2045 will be taken into account, with grid resilience, sector coupling and sustainable grid expansion playing a role. The project is developing a flexible toolbox of technologies to be validated in simulations and real-life tests, including pilot plants, to drive the energy transition and shape the future of the energy grid. The third phase of ENSURE not only aims at technical innovation, but also emphasises the integration of market regulation and societal concerns to effectively shape the energy supply of the future. Various key factors are taken into account:

Firstly, the technical and operational solution options developed within ENSURE will be scrutinised. These solutions play a crucial role in shaping an efficient and sustainable energy system.

Secondly, the possibilities of market and grid regulation as well as market design will be thoroughly analysed. The aim is to identify the regulatory framework conditions that are necessary for the smooth functioning of the future energy system.

Thirdly, societal expectations and perceptions of the energy transition are carefully considered. This includes the acceptance of changes, social impacts and the involvement of the population in the transformation process.

Finally, a central goal is the development of a draft of concrete recommendations for action. These recommendations should point the way to the creation of an overall system that supports the energy supply towards climate neutrality. All of the aforementioned aspects will be integrated in order to develop a holistic and sustainable solution. Within this framework, FCN-ECO aims to identify regional requirements and viewpoints on the energy transition. This includes working with regional stakeholders to take their needs and expectations into account. Furthermore, findings and concepts are developed to actively involve users in the dissemination of ENSURE solutions. This aims to promote the acceptance and application of the solutions developed. Another focus is on the development of concepts for participation, involvement and good governance, which should help to accelerate the energy transition. These concepts are intended to ensure that citizens and relevant interest groups are actively involved in decision-making processes and that the energy transition can be shaped collectively.