InfoRM - Information provision for grid-, market- and system-serving consumer behaviour
Project duration: 01.08.2023 - 31.01.2024
Client: TenneT TSO GmbH
The steadily increasing share of renewable energies in German electricity generation and the increased use of all kinds of flexibility on the generation and consumer side pose new challenges for the electricity supply of the future. In particular, the temporal discrepancy between generation and consumption as well as the volatility of electricity generation from renewable energies make active, intelligent control of generation plants and flexibilities indispensable.
The electrical energy system of the future could be supported by a targeted adaptation of user behavior through the provision of specific information from the transmission system operator (TSO), distribution system operator (DSO) or energy supplier. The potential for flexibility at end consumer level can lead to significant energy, cost and emission savings in the long term and therefore represent a benefit for consumers and producers. However, the information provided does not always lead to the desired grid-, market- and system-serving behavior. For example, information on the current CO2 intensity of the electricity mix could lead to local grid bottlenecks. The transparent provision of information also harbors the risk of behavior patterns of individual market players that are detrimental to the market, system or grid. A detailed analysis of the information provided in connection with various market players is therefore necessary in order to preventively identify and avoid undesirable actions by other players.
The following research questions are to be answered as part of the InfoRM project:
- What information should be made available to the various market players in the energy sector?
- How should this information be prepared and communicated?
- How can information asymmetries and inconsistencies be avoided?
- What significance and incentives does the information create for the various players in the market?
- How does the information provided and the incentives created affect grid, market and system efficiency?
- How should the provision of information be handled in order to avoid behavior that is detrimental to the grid, market and system?
To answer the research questions, qualitative interviews will be conducted with experts from the relevant stakeholder clusters in the energy sector and the results will be systematically analyzed.
The aim of the project is to take a scientific look at the significance of various types of information for energy consumers and other market players. It also examines the question of which type of information creates which incentives for energy consumers. The heterogeneity of energy consumers and their preferences plays a central role in setting the right incentives. The project will therefore provide an overview of relevant actors and describe the incentive effect of information depending on their attributed preferences. In addition to analyzing the information needs of different stakeholders, the extent to which a particular piece of information has a positive or negative effect on grid, market and system serviceability will also be examined. Finally, recommendations for action will be derived for the targeted provision of information and incentives that both stimulate grid, market and system-serving behavior of end consumers and avoid harmful patterns of behavior.