Design considerations and functional analysis of local reserve energy markets for distributed generation
Aachen / E.ON Energy Research Center, RWTH Aachen University (2014, 2015) [Dissertation / PhD Thesis]
Page(s): VII, 128 S. : Ill., graph. Darst.
This thesis proposes and evaluates a local market design for reserve energy in which private households can trade their self-generated energy. The market conceptualization builds upon the idea of a microgrid connecting households with and without power generation equipment. The notion of balance groups can be seen as the current administrative groundwork, with the balance group responsible party acting as an auctioneer. Such a mechanism helps to better integrate distributed generation and acts as an alternative incentive scheme once the fixed feed-in tariffs are abandoned. The market has some definite characteristics that result from the specific technologies and their users. The predominant attribute is the involvement of private households, i.e. retail customers – now in the role of producer-consumers (“prosumers”) – without much expertise in the field of energy trading. Hence, trading rules need to be simplistic to create something like an “energy-eBay". While the growing presence of renewables imposes challenges on the current energy system, the local market concept for reserve energy proposed in this thesis can foster the security of supply and a reliable grid operation.